• 09:55
  • Friday ,07 October 2016
العربية

Three religions side-by-side in the old city of Fustat

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12:10

Sunday ,09 October 2016

Three religions side-by-side in the old city of Fustat

 If you are driving to Salah Salem or Downtown Cairo from Maadi, you have definitely come across or passed through the steel bridge that you can take from the square at the end of the Maadi corniche.

 
To many people, it's just an area that connects them to their destination. But, in reality, it is considered an important historical site. Beyond the main roads lie the old city of Fustat with all its buildings and historical significance.
 
Put on your comfortable shoes on and get ready to embark on a trip beyond the gates of the old city of Fustat, and specifically to Mogamaa Al-Adyan (or The Complex of Religions).
 
While the area is very close to Maadi, you can also get there from Salah Salem, Maadi or Manial El-Roda. Also, if you are looking for an easy trip, you can take the metro to Mar Girgis Station and it will take you right inside the heart of the complex.
 
The significance of the place lies in the fact that it is home to the three monotheistic religions and some of the oldest religious buildings in Egypt, with Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque representing Islam, the Hanging Church representing Christianity and Ben Ezra Synagogue representing Judaism.
 
While the destination can be reached from different directions, there's one main gate to the complex.
 
Right before you reach the main gate, Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque comes on your left. The original mosque was built in 641 AD by General Amr Ibn Al-Aas, the commander of the Muslim army that conquered Egypt, and was the oldest mosque built in Africa, although it has been rebuilt over time.
 
Leaving the gates of the mosque behind, you go through a security checkpoint that leads to the rest of the complex.
 
As you walk, old cemeteries and closed doors of old buildings come on your left and souvenir and antique shops come on your right.
 
You know it’s time for your first stop when you reach remarkable steps that take you below the main street. And, this is where you can start your journey inside the first group of the complex's seven churches.
 
There you can find historical churches like those of Abu Serga and of St. Barbara.
 
There’s also a bookshop that has some very interesting maps of Cairo.
 
Passing through that corridor, at the end you can find a route on your left that takes you to more churches and one on the right that takes you to Ben Ezra. Crossing through the gates of the synagogue, you can find the Star of David on the main door and on the windows on the outside of the building and a sign that reads “Property of the Jewish Community in Cairo.”
 
Ben Ezra has a remarkable presence of arabesque ornamentation inside the synagogue. Just looking inside the building, you can tell that there is an upper floor that was once used during ceremonies that were held there, but is now locked. While the entrance to the synagogue is very easy, there are signs everywhere inside that photos are not allowed.
 
Following a short tour in the area, you can head back to the steps to resume the trip. Your next stop is St. George Church, which is right across from the metro station.
 
When you enter there, you mustn’t miss the beautiful painting on the ceiling of the church and the colourful windows inside the main hall.